American Water Works Association’s (AWWA) Policy

The American Water Works Association’s (AWWA) issued the following statement on crossconnections: The American Water Works Association (AWWA) recognizes water purveyors have the responsibility to supply potable water to their customers. In the exercise of this responsibility, water purveyors or other responsible authorities must implement, administer and

maintain ongoing backflow prevention and cross-connection control programs to protect public water systems from the hazards originating on the premises of their customers and from temporary connections that may impair or alter the water in the public water systems. The return of any water to the public water system after the water has been used for any purpose on the customer’s premises or within the customer’s piping system is unacceptable and opposed by AWWA. The water purveyor shall assure that effective backflow prevention measures, commensurate with the degree of hazard, are implemented to ensure continual protection of the water in the public water distribution system. Customers, together with other authorities, are responsible for preventing contamination of the private plumbing system under their control and the associated protection of the public water system.


A statement adopted by Board of Directors of the American Water Works Association on Jan. 26, 1970, revised June 24, 1979 and reaffirmed June 10, 1984 and revised Jan, 28, 1990 and Jan. 21, 2001, reaffirmed Jan. 16, 2005; and, revised Jan. 17, 2010.